Taj Mehal- History, Facts & Tale of Love

Taj Mehal

Introduction

Taj Mahal is a word that sounds like a fairy tale but actually, it portrays the true meaning of Love.

The love beyond everything, every hardship, and every dolor.

Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal ruler “Shah Jhan” during the 17th century to express his love for his wife that was expired while giving birth to their 14th child.

It was built in the memory of “Mumtaz Begum” the wife of Shah Jahan. Taj Mahal is included in the list of 7 wonders of the world.

This masterpiece architect witnessed the love of Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz(Late).

Who was Shah Jahan?

Shahjahan was born in 1592 in Lahore in a family of the Mughals empire, his actual name was Shahu-bu-din Khurram.

Shah Jahan was the son of Noor-u-din Jahangir the ruler of the Mughals Dynasty.

Shah Jahan was made the 5th ruler of the Mughals regime after the death of his father.

Shahjahan took oath at the age of 37 years in 1628 and his regime lasted until 1658.

Shah Jahan is also known as the greater constructor of the subcontinent.

He has constructed a lot of architects like Jahangir’s Tomb, Shalamar garden, Asif Jah’s Tomb, and Masjid Wazir Khan in Lahore.

He also constructed a lot of monuments places like the Red fort, Moti Mosque, Jama Mosque, and Agra fort in Delhi.

All these monumental places are witnessing his love for the architects.

If rumors are to be believed, Shah Jahan was an architecture engineer by himself, that’s why he was so fond of the architects.  

Mumtaz (wife/Queen of Shah Jahan )

Shahjahan has three wives and Mumtaz was his second wife.

They both got married in 1612 and this relation filled with love and reliance until the death of Mumtaz.

Mumtaz was the daughter of the employee of Noor-u-din Jahangir who works for the Mughals during Mughal rule.

Mumtaz was considered so much influential that even many historians believed, she made massive decisions with the collaboration of shah Jahan to run the states.

She was involved in every conflict of the state and take part in the government’s decisions.

Mumtaz died while giving birth to their 14 children in Delhi. Mumtaz died but the love and yen of shah Jahan for her remains the same until his last breath.

She has buried in Burhanpur a place near Delhi. Later on, her dead body was transferred from Burhanpur to the bank of the Jamuna river after six months after her demise.

Shah Jahan built the land near the Jamuna river from a “Maha Raja” of Delhi to build the Taj mahal there.

Later on, he built the Taj mahal in the memory of his love Mumtaz.

Layout and architecture of Taj Mahal

Taj mahal construction was started in 1631 on the bank of the Jamuna river, where Mumtaz Begum was buried after her death.

Taj Mahal started in 1631 and was completed in 1653 after the finishing work got done.

The total area of the Taj Mahal is almost 42 hectares which contain the Tomb of Mumtaz Begum , and Shah Jahan in the center, and their other loved ones or counterparts are buried next to them but in other locales.

Taj Mahal was built as the same as the Shalamar garden in Lahore, the garden of the Taj Mahal is built in the same manner as the Shalamar garden.

It is located next to Jama Mosque Delhi which was built by Ustad Essa of Iran.

Taj Mahal is placed between the Jama Mosque and mehman khana.

All these places are built on the bank of the Jamuna river.

Jama Mosque and Mehman khana were both built with the red stones while the Taj Mahal was built with the white stones also known as “White sang-e-mar mar.

This Monument is mainly known for the cemetery of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz.

However, the fact is that shah Jahan’s other two wives are also buried there but outside the Taj mahal.

Taj mahal design and specifications

Monumental Taj Mahal is a masterpiece and its architecture is inspired by Turks, French, and person monumental places.

this monumental architecture has 3 doors in it, 2 are small and 1 is big that is used to enter in Taj mahal.

This big door that is used for entry contains Quran verses on it and consider a great example of art.

Taj Mahal has four towers that are built with red stone that was particularly brought from the different regions of the world.

It has a large and wide dome that is built with white stone (also known as sang-e-mar mar).

These white stones were specially imported from the Rajasthan state of India.

There are 28 other stones were used in its construction other than white/red stone.

These stones were brought from India and the other regions of the world.

The Dome of Taj mahal is 55 meters in height and the four towers of the Taj mahal are 43 meters tall.

If historians are to be believed, the Dome of Taj mahal was particularly designed by the Turk architects.

The culse of the dome was made of gold before the Indian government replaces it with silver.

A total of 20k+ workers were involved in the construction of the Taj mahal.

The Wall of the Taj Mahal reflects the architects of Turk’s traditions and culture, as the wall contains 99 names of the God and the Quran’s verses same as the Blue mosque of turkey.

Taj Mahal Constructor

Taj Mahal was built by the combined efforts of Turk, French, Italian, and Persian Engineers.

Historians believed that Essa from Iran a famous architect has contributed to the construction of this masterpiece.

Ahmad lashari was the final designer of their monumental art that designed the Red fort of Delhi earlier.

Taj Mahal was constructed when the financial sector of Mughals was dealing by Abdul Karim khan, Shiraz, and Mukkarimat.

Many rumors and speculations were there at the time of the construction of the Taj Mahal that Shah Jahan ordered to cut down the hands of the designer so that they couldn’t able to sketch the same architect in the future.

Shah Jahan and his love for Taj Mahal

Shah Jahan wanted to build the black Taj mahal in front of the Taj Mahal on the other side of the Jamuna river, but he couldn’t succeed in his plan as he was prisoned by his son Aurangzeb.

Many people belives that this masterpiece was built by the Hindus but the historian has never drawn a word in a favor of this claim.  

With the demise of Mumtaz, Shah Jahan started to arrange the “Uras” on the Taj Mahal every year in the memory of late Mumtaz begum (“Uras” consider rituals or traditions of Muslims that are arranged on annual basis for the holiest/Noble personalities upon their demise).

During the celebrations of the Uras, the door of cemeteries of Shahjahan/Mumtaz begum are open every year. Many visitors pay their tribute to this couple during the Uras.

Ruler Shah Jahan made secret ways inside the Taj mahal during its construction, but later on, due to security concerns, he shut down all the ways inside the Taj mahal.

Shah Jahan and Prison

Ruler Shah Jahan was in much love with her wife, Mumtaz begum even after her demise.

Aurangzeb the son of Shah Jahan has prisoned his father after he takes over the rule.

Aurangzeb kept his father in jail for anonymous reasons that are still unknown. 

Shah Jahan during his custody demands his son to keep him in the jail where he could see the Taj mahal or the Taj Mahal accessible to the naked eye.

There are rumors that the Taj mahal’s precious white stone was stolen by the British Empire.

All it happens when they took over the Mughals regime, But not a single piece of evidence of this claim found yet.

Taj mahal turned into mud color from white when the surrounding of this monumental place filled with the industry.

The smoke of the industries turned the white Taj mahal into a Mud color and its appearance became dull and rough.

To save this masterpiece from further damage, the Delhi high court ordered to shift all the industries to the other part of Delhi from the surroundings of the Taj mahal.

Taj Mahal Under UNESCO

Taj mahal was included in international heritage by UNESCO in 1983, and through this step, the symbol of love become eternal.

Many visitors every year come to India to explore the love of Shah Jahan & Mumtaz and to pay the tribute to Shah Jahan for making this monumental place for his wife.

Taj mahal portrays the true side of love.

It reflects how true love never dies, it’s always alive in the hearts and the architects of places. The walls of the Taj mahal still echoing with the love of Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Begum.

Other Architects of the Mughals Regime

Shah Jahan was the 5th ruler of the Mughals regime.

Every Mughal ruler had some deep connection with the construction and unique masterpieces of Architects.

Shah Jahan was famously known for the construction of the Taj Mahal, but he has a lot of other masterworks.

These masterworks are Shalamar garden, Jahangir’s Tomb, and Jama Mosque Delhi, and many more.

Jama Mosque

Jama Mosque Delhi was built by the Shah Jahan next to Taj mahal. This monumental place is still considered the biggest mosque of entire Delhi. Shah Jahan initially built this Mosque to offer religious duties being a Muslim.

But this Mosque grab the attention of the people over time due to its unique framework and ancient designs.

Badshahi Mosque

Badshahi Mosque is situated in Lahore, Pakistan.

This mosque also witnesses the monumental architects of the Mughals that attract millions of tourists across the globe.

Badshahi mosque’s appearance is as same as Jama mosque Delhi.

The only difference is that Jama Mosque Delhi covers more area than the Badshahi mosque.

Mehman khana

Mehman khana was also built by Shah Jahan during his tenure.

This place is situated alongside the Taj Mahal and it was specially designed for the guests of the state.

Many people around the world pay their visit to this place due to its antique architecture.

Red Fort

Red fort is one of the most famous architects of the 5th ruler of the Mughals regime.

This fort was built using unique red stones and it is situated in old Delhi.

Red fort is considered the most famous place in Delhi.

It was the residence of the Mughals Empires when Delhi was the capital of the Mughals regime.

Many tourists pay their visit to this place when they land in India. Red fort is famous for enclosing walls and it was built over ten and more years.

Shalamar garden

Shalamar garden is located in Lahore and it was also built by Shah Jahan during his tenure.

This famous place is situated in the heart of Punjab named Lahore.

Shalamar garden is located in old Lahore.

Taj Mahal garden was built on the same designs and layout plans as Shalamar garden. This place is also considered a tourist spot in Pakistan.

There are many architects of the Mughals regime that witnesses their love for the monumental architects and construction masterpieces.

Masjid Wazir Khan, Jahangir’s Tomb, and Lahore fort ( Shahi Kala) are the masterpieces of architects that were built by the Mughals .

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